Clearinghouse Partners and Contributors
The partners that have initiated this effort are the World Health Organization (WHO), the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), the AIDS Vaccine Advocacy Coalition (AVAC), and Family Health International (FHI).
World Health Organization (WHO)
WHO is the coordinating authority for health within the United Nations (UN) system. It is responsible for providing leadership on global health matters, shaping the health research agenda, setting norms and standards, articulating evidence-based policy options, providing technical support to countries, and monitoring and assessing health trends. WHO is the lead organisation within the UN system for supporting the scaling up of male circumcision service provision. WHO is working with UNAIDS, UNFPA and UNICEF to to assist countries to make evidence-based policy and programme decisions to improve the availability, accessibility and safety of male circumcision and reproductive health services as an integral component of comprehensive HIV prevention strategies. WHO and UN partners use their globally accepted, complementary, normative and convening roles to lead policy setting, develop programme guidance and coordinate research to guide countries in making decisions on implementing and scaling up safe male circumcision services for HIV prevention based on available and emerging evidence.
Key WHO materials on male circumcision are available here on the Clearinghouse on Male Circumcision for HIV Prevention site.
Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)
UNAIDS is an innovative joint venture of the United Nations, bringing together the efforts and resources of the UNAIDS Secretariat and ten UN system organisations in the AIDS response. The Secretariat headquarters is in Geneva, Switzerland — with staff on the ground in more than 80 countries. Coherent action on AIDS by the UN system is coordinated in countries through UN theme groups, and joint programmes on AIDS. UNAIDS’ co-sponsors include UNHCR, UNICEF, WFP, UNDP, UNFPA, UNODC, ILO, UNESCO, WHO and the World Bank. UNAIDS led the preparatory UN work plan on male circumcision and supports WHO as the lead for UN implementation support for the introduction or expansion of safe, voluntary male circumcision services. UNAIDS recommends that male circumcision always be considered as part of a comprehensive HIV prevention package. Key UNAIDS materials on male circumcision are available here on the Clearinghouse on Male Circumcision for HIV Prevention site.
AIDS Vaccine Advocacy Coalition (AVAC)
AVAC is a non-profit, community- and consumer-based organisation that uses public education, policy analysis, advocacy and community mobilization to accelerate the ethical development and global delivery of AIDS vaccines and other HIV prevention options. AVAC’s participation in the Clearinghouse on Male Circumcision for HIV Prevention is one component of its ongoing work on increasing informed civil society input on male circumcision for HIV prevention. AVAC has developed a range of tools for advocates in developing and developed countries and continues to convene civil society conference calls, issue-focused meetings, and electronic dialogues as forums for input on this and other issues in HIV prevention.
Family Health International (FHI)
FHI works to address key public health needs in developing countries, including family planning and reproductive health, child and maternal health, and infectious diseases such as HIV/AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis and avian influenza. Through a grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, FHI and its international partners — the University of Illinois at Chicago and EngenderHealth — are establishing a Male Circumcision Consortium to improve and expand voluntary male circumcision services in Kenya. FHI serves as the webmaster for the Clearinghouse on Male Circumcision for HIV Prevention, and in partnership with WHO, UNAIDS and AVAC, develops and selects content for the site.
A number of other organisations contribute materials and information to the site:
Futures Institute specializes in the design and implementation of public health and social programs for developing countries. The organization focuses on developing and applying models for long-range planning, which includes setting goals, strategies, and objectives. The Futures Institute works with government agencies, foundations, corporations, and nongovernmental organizations around the world. Areas of program concentration include family planning and reproductive health, maternal and child health, the prevention and treatment of HIV/AIDS, and infectious diseases. With staff based in the United States, the organization works collaboratively with its in-country counterparts to improve policies and programs that address population issues, reproductive health, HIV/AIDS, infectious diseases, and maternal and child health.
The Global Health Technical Assistance Project
The Global Health Technical Assistance (GH Tech) Project is a five-year Indefinite Quantity Contract (IQC) that provides support to the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Bureau for Global Health offices, regional and other bureaus, and field missions in the following areas: program evaluations, health sector assessment, program designs, technical program assistance, convene consultative groups, research tracking, dissemination of lessons learned, and technical reviews. GH Tech staff and consultants provide USAID with health program support and short-, medium- and long-term technical services of key experts to support areas of strategic interest to USAID.
For nearly four decades, Jhpiego has put evidence-based health innovations into everyday practice to overcome barriers to high-quality health care services for women and families in limited-resource settings. Jhpiego has been building local and regional capacity to respond to the unmet need for safe male circumcision services since it began a pilot project with the Zambian Ministry of Health in 2003. A co-author with the World Health Organization (WHO) and UNAIDS of the Manual for Male Circumcision Under Local Anaesthesia (2009, PDF, 2.87 MB), Jhpiego was a key contributor to other WHO/UNAIDS male circumcision tools. Jhpiego is also part of the Male Circumcision Partnership and, with funding from PEPFAR, works closely with local, regional, and international partners to scale up safe, comprehensive male circumcision services in eight other countries in eastern and southern Africa.
Marie Stopes International
Marie Stopes International (MSI) has joined forces with Population Services International, Jhpiego, and The Population Council to dramatically expand access to male circumcision (MC) services in Zambia and Swaziland over the next five years. Working closely with the governments of both countries, this MC Partnership estimates that it will provide voluntary male circumcision services to more than 650,000 men. The programme will include extensive behaviour change communications for both women and men to highlight the need for safer sex practices and continued condom use. MSI has helped pioneer the delivery of male circumcision services in Africa during recent years, beginning with a pilot outreach programme in Kenya. MSI’s role in the MC Partnership’s programme in Zambia and Swaziland is to establish national networks of public, private, and NGO health service providers. Special emphasis will be placed on reaching remote rural areas via outreach teams.
Operation Abraham Collaborative (OAC) is a consortium of eight hospitals and health organisations committed to supporting initiatives in male circumcision for HIV prevention. OAC members are expert institutions with proven track records in performing and training national teams to perform safe, swift, and effective male circumcisions. The OAC secretariat is hosted by the Jerusalem AIDS Project in Israel. Since November 2006, OAC teams have been engaged in the development of clinical guidelines for male circumcision under local anaesthesia, formulation of policies on adult and neonatal male circumcision in Sub-Saharan Africa, consultations on facilities’ preparedness for male circumcision, training of providers, developing guidelines and materials for clients’ education, and research on male circumcision for HIV prevention.
Founded in 1970, Population Services International (PSI) is a leading global health organisation with programmes targeting malaria, child survival, HIV, and reproductive health. Working in partnership within the public and private sectors and harnessing the power of the markets, PSI provides life-saving products, clinical services, and behaviour change communications that empower the world's most vulnerable populations to lead healthier lives. PSI currently supports male circumcision service delivery programmes in South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. In addition, PSI implements national communications campaigns to complement male circumcision services in Botswana and Kenya. PSI leads the Male Circumcision Partnership, with support from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR).
USAID | Health Policy Initiative
The USAID | Health Policy Initiative is supported by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) to provide global leadership and field-level programming in health policy development and implementation. The initiative provides technical and related assistance to make it possible for women and men around the world to obtain and use the information and services they need for better health, especially in the areas of family planning and reproductive health, HIV and AIDS, and maternal health. The USAID | Health Policy Initiative collaborated with UNAIDS to develop the Male Circumcision Decision-Makers’ Program Planning Tool to assist countries in developing policies for scaling up male circumcision services. This tool allows analysts and decision makers to understand the costs and impact of different policy options for the introduction or expansion of medical male circumcision services.
The Clearinghouse is supported by a grant to WHO from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.