Clearinghouse on Male Circumcision for HIV Prevention

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Photo credits: © 2007 Sean Hawkey, courtesy of Photoshare (left); © UNICEF/Christine Nesbitt (center); FHI 360 (right)

Male Circumcision for HIV Prevention

Conclusive research shows that medical male circumcision substantially reduces men's risk of acquiring HIV through vaginal sex, making it an important addition to HIV prevention strategies in eastern and southern Africa. Read more

News & Events

Kenyan programme surpasses goal
Kenya’s national voluntary medical male circumcision programme has surpassed its target of providing service to 940,000 clients… Read more

Ugandan study shows impact on HIV
An increase in the number of non-Muslim men who are circumcised had led to substantial reductions in new HIV infections among men in Rakai, Uganda… Read more

Initiative to boost male circumcision in South Africa
The Department of Health of South Africa’s Western Cape Province and a private health care organisation have joined forces to expand access to voluntary medical male circumcision… Read more

Zimbabwe launches new plan
A cabinet minister said that voluntary medical male circumcision could help Zimbabwe avert 220,000 new HIV infections and save US$1.3 billion in treatment costs…
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Botswana at HIV “tipping point”
Botswana is one of the few countries that have reached the tipping point in the HIV epidemic…Read more

PrePex central to Rwanda strategy
The Rwandan Ministry of Health has decided to use the PrePex device for all voluntary medical male circumcisions among medically eligible men ages 18 and older…
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VMMC at CROI 2015
Demonstrating impact, progress in scale-up, and evolving knowledge and practice of voluntary medical male circumcision will be discussed at the 2015 Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections 23-26 February…Read more

US guidelines on male circumcision proposed
The benefits of male circumcision outweigh the risks, according to guidelines proposed by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention…Read more

Uganda president's remarks spark controversy
At a World AIDS Day event in Uganda, President Yoweri Museveni spoke against promotion of safe male circumcision (SMC) and condom use...Read more

Parents embrace infant male circumcision
Kenya could expand provision of early infant male circumcision if a pilot project in the Nyanza region is successful…Read more



Essential Reading

UNAIDS Global AIDS Report 2013

This report from the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS documents reductions in new HIV infections of 52 percent among children and 33 percent among adults and children combined since 2001. The report’s update on the progress of voluntary medical male circumcision (PDF, 68 KB) programmes in 16 countries shows that the cumulative number of men circumcised through 14 of these programmes doubled in 2012.


New to the Site

Updates to the site include:

South Africa case studyPartnering with Private Providers in South Africa to Offer Medical Male Circumcision Services: A Case Study (2015, PDF, 510 KB). In South Africa, the Center for HIV and AIDS Prevention Studies (CHAPS) has partnered with Dr. Maphisa & Partners, a private medical practice serving the inner city of Johannesburg and the surrounding townships, and Metropolitan Health, the countries’ largest administrator of medical schemes, to expand access to VMMC. This case study describes the progress made and lessons learned from December 2012 to September 2014.


CareWorks video

Produced by CareWorks, this 2:53-minute-long video illustrates the importance of VMMC in combination with other HIV interventions and details how significant VMMC scaleup is in South Africa as a weapon against future HIV infections.


Clinical Wound Healing Definition
This document (PDF, 87 KB) provides a definition of clinical wound healing after VMMC. It is intended to be used by researchers engaged in VMMC studies as a standardized way to assess VMMC clinical wound healing by visual inspection, to ensure comparability between studies.


Adverse Event Action Guide for Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision by Surgery, 2014 (2014, PDF, 476 KB). A collaborative work between Population Services International (PSI) and the College of Surgeons of East, Central and Southern Africa (COSECSA), together with contributions from numerous clinical and public health experts, this Guide is intended for use by programmes that are implementing VMMC under local anaesthesia in adolescent and adult males as part of a comprehensive HIV prevention strategy.


AIDS 2014 VMMC Satellite Sessions
Voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) was highlighted in more than 80 presentations and posters at the 20th International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2014) in Melbourne, Australia, from 20 to 25 July. Presentations from three satellite sessions supported by the President’s Emergency Fund for AIDS Relief are now available, along with links to conference abstracts and presentations about VMMC.


New Demand Creation Resources
Dozens of resources from the former Creating Demand for Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision (VMMC) website are now available on the Clearinghouse. They include materials from demand creation campaigns in priority countries, case studies of promising practices in VMMC demand creation based on firsthand reporting in seven countries, and a video and reports on the regional meeting held last year in Zambia.

Global Update on the Health Sector Response to HIV, July 2014 (2014, PDF, 3.4 MB). Uptake of voluntary medical male circumcision in 14 priority countries in Africa rose from 1.7 million in 2012 to nearly 2.7 million in 2013, reports the World Health Organization (WHO). This WHO update on the health sector’s global response to HIV includes a section on VMMC scale-up (pp. 7-9).



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