Clearinghouse on Male Circumcision for HIV Prevention

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Photo credits: © 2007 Sean Hawkey, courtesy of Photoshare (left); © UNICEF/Christine Nesbitt (center); FHI 360 (right)

Male Circumcision for HIV Prevention

Conclusive research shows that medical male circumcision substantially reduces men's risk of acquiring HIV through vaginal sex, making it an important addition to HIV prevention strategies in eastern and southern Africa. Read more

News & Events

Join the PEPFAR webinar on women and VMMC
Women play a key role in the success of VMMC programmes. Join the PEPFAR-sponsored webinar on
Nov. 19 at 8am ET to hear about:
• The biomedical prevention impact of VMMC on women
• Women’s perceptions of VMMC
• Women’s roles as partners, mothers and community members in the success of the VMMC program
Register here and log in as "Guest" on the date of the event.

Study finds reduced risk of syphilis in men and women
Being circumcised or having a circumcised partner was linked with a reduced risk of syphilis among men and women in a large study conducted in Kenya and Uganda…
Read more

PrePex introduced in Uganda
Uganda’s Ministry of Health has introduced the PrePex device for performing adult male circumcision in hospitals and health centres in Mbale District, with plans to roll it out to other districts…Read more

Mobile surgical theatres launched in South Africa
Two mobile surgical surgical theatres are traveling to towns and villages in South Africa’s Western Cape Province as part of a campaign to promote voluntary medical male circumcision…Read more

Former president champions male circumcision
The former president of Botswana called on African governments to invest in voluntary medical male circumcision for HIV prevention…Read more

Call to ban unsterile male circumcisions
South African scientists and public health experts have called for a ban on unsterile traditional male circumcision practices…Read more

VMMC associated with lower HIV rates among women
Young women in a South African community who had sex only with circumcised men had a 20 percent lower rate of new HIV infections…Read more

Dramatic increase in male circumcision
The World Health Organization reported a dramatic increase in the number of African men choosing to be circumcised…Read more

Male circumcision does not promote risky behaviour
Efforts to encourage male circumcision for HIV prevention are backed by new findings that men are unlike to engage in riskier sex after they have had the procedure…
Read more

Study examines incentives for male circumcision
Offering men modest incentives in the form of food vouchers modestly increased the likelihood that they would decide to become circumcised with a few months…
Read more

20th International AIDS Conference
Voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) was highlighted in more than 80 presentations and abstracts at the 20th International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2014) in Melbourne, Australia, from 20 to 25 July. For links to sessions and abstracts on VMMC, click here.


Essential Reading

UNAIDS Global AIDS Report 2013

This report from the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS documents reductions in new HIV infections of 52 percent among children and 33 percent among adults and children combined since 2001. The report’s update on the progress of voluntary medical male circumcision (PDF, 68 KB) programmes in 16 countries shows that the cumulative number of men circumcised through 14 of these programmes doubled in 2012.


New to the Site

Updates to the site include:

Clinical Wound Healing Definition
This document (PDF, 48 KB) provides a definition of clinical wound healing after VMMC. It is intended to be used by researchers engaged in VMMC studies as a standardized way to assess VMMC clinical wound healing by visual inspection, to ensure comparability between studies.


Adverse Event Action Guide for Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision by Surgery, 2014 (2014, PDF, 476 KB). A collaborative work between Population Services International (PSI) and the College of Surgeons of East, Central and Southern Africa (COSECSA), together with contributions from numerous clinical and public health experts, this Guide is intended for use by programmes that are implementing VMMC under local anaesthesia in adolescent and adult males as part of a comprehensive HIV prevention strategy.


AIDS 2014 VMMC Satellite Sessions
Voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) was highlighted in more than 80 presentations and posters at the 20th International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2014) in Melbourne, Australia, from 20 to 25 July. Presentations from three satellite sessions supported by the President’s Emergency Fund for AIDS Relief are now available, along with links to conference abstracts and presentations about VMMC.


New Demand Creation Resources
Dozens of resources from the former Creating Demand for Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision (VMMC) website are now available on the Clearinghouse. They include materials from demand creation campaigns in priority countries, case studies of promising practices in VMMC demand creation based on firsthand reporting in seven countries, and a video and reports on the regional meeting held last year in Zambia.

Global Update on the Health Sector Response to HIV, July 2014 (2014, PDF, 3.4 MB). Uptake of voluntary medical male circumcision in 14 priority countries in Africa rose from 1.7 million in 2012 to nearly 2.7 million in 2013, reports the World Health Organization (WHO). This WHO update on the health sector’s global response to HIV includes a section on VMMC scale-up (pp. 7-9).


document coverScale-up of Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision for HIV Prevention in Africa: Update on Priority Countries — July 2014 (2014, PDF, 692 KB). An update on the progress toward scale-up of voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) in 14 priority countries documents a dramatic increase in African men choosing medical male circumcision from 2008 to 2013. This two-page fact sheet also describes what needs to be done to step up the pace of scale-up so that the full potential of VMMC for HIV prevention can be realized.


PrePex SafetySafety, Effectiveness and Acceptability of the PrePex
Device for Adult Male Circumcision in Kenya
(2014, PDF, 198 KB). This study, which enrolled 427 men, ages 18–49, at one fixed and two outreach clinics in Kenya, sought to assess the safety, effectiveness, and acceptability of the PrePex device for adult medical male circumcision in routine service delivery.


Tchova TchovaTchova Tchova CCP Male Circumcision Success Story (2014, 4:33 minutes). This video tells the story of 24-year-old Edilson Muthemba, who chose to get circumcised at the Patrice Lumumba Health Center in Xai- Xai, Mozambique. After having the procedure, Edilson became an advocate for VMMC in the region.


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