Research


Building on clinical trials that showed the efficacy of voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) for HIV prevention, current research seeks to enhance uptake and delivery of VMMC services and assess their quality, reach, and impact.

Syntheses of the results of various types of research on VMMC are provided, along with links to abstracts or (when available) full-text articles. These research summaries cover the results that spurred the introduction of VMMC services and the emerging evidence on how to strengthen those services so that programmes can reach their goals of achieving 80 percent prevalence of male circumcision and averting millions of new HIV infections.